EU.TRADE AGREEMENTS

Brexit and European Union Trade Agreements

The United Kingdom is scheduled to leave the European Union on 29th March 2019.

Until then, the United Kingdom has the benefits and restrictions of all the Trade Agreements that have been entered into by the European Union, full details of which are listed below.

If a negotiated Agreement for the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom can be agreed with all other 27 Member States by 29th March 2019, then the United Kingdom will continue to have the benefit of these Trade Agreements for the duration of any agreed Transition Period.

Under the terms of its Treaty obligations with the European Union, The United Kingdom is unable to enter into any negotiations for any new bilateral Trade Agreement with any country outside the European Union UNTIL it has left the European Union, ie the scheduled date of 29th March 2019, or any extended date as is agreed between the parties.

To that end the United Kingdom is currently having scoping discussions with a number of countries about new Trade Agreements to come into place when the Transition Period ends, or earlier if there is no Transition Period.

Accordingly the United Kingdom has published  Consultations on Negotiations for Trade Agreements with Australia, New Zealand, United States of America and the CPTTP. These consultations expire on 26th October 2018. Of course, what format any agreements may take will be dependent upon what agreement,if any, is reached with the European Union. It is believed that the so-called Chequers  Communique, if implemented, would have a detrimental and limiting  effect on the extent of what Trade Agreements the United Kingdom would be able to sign post Brexit.

The following detailed Schedule published by Brexit.app below is a Summary of all current or planned European Union Trade Agreements which is believed to be accurate as at 18th July 2018.

The information has been obtained from European Union published data, and ,with the many links to specific European Union country websites and specific agreements, should act as an aide-memoire and give a focus to those seeking to influence the United Kingdom Government in its proposed plans for new Trade Agreements with many countries of the World.

There are three main Types of Trade Agreements Used by the European Union with countries around the World :

A. Customs Unions: which eliminate customs duties in bilateral trade or establish a joint customs tariff for foreign importers.

B. Association Agreements, Stabilisation Agreements, (Deep and Comprehensive) Free Trade Agreements and Economic Partnership Agreements which remove or reduce customs tariffs in bilateral trade.

C. Partnership and Cooperation Agreements which provide a general framework for bilateral economic relations and leave customs tariffs as they are. The Agreement the European Union has reached with Canada is one widely wanted by Leavers in the current Brexit Debate in the form of a Canada ++ format.                                                              CETA- Cooperation and Economic Agreement with Canada

The European Commission has prepared a Schedule of Trade Agreements under 5 Heads, which has been supplemented by other European Union published data. This information has been updated as of 18th July 2018, and is being continuously updated

  1. Trade Agreements that are already in Place.
  2. Trade Agreements that are Partly in Place
  3. Trade Agreements that are Pending
  4. Trade Agreements that are being Updated and
  5. Trade Agreements that are being Negotiated.

1.TRADE AGREEMENTS THAT ARE ALREADY IN PLACE

Country (Region) Agreement Status
Albania (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 2009.For all of the Western Balkan partners, the EU is the leading trade partner accounting for over 73% of the region’s total trade; while the region’s share of overall EU trade is only 1.3%.  Trade with the region has more than doubled since 2006 with the total trade between the EU and the Western Balkans exceeding EUR 49.5 billion in 2017. This trade expansion has overall been to the benefit of the Western Balkan partners: in 10 years, the region increased its exports to the EU by 142% against a more modest increase of EU exports to the region of 84%. The Western Balkan countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo.
Algeria Association Agreement In force since 01/09/2005.The key objective of the trade partnership is the creation of a deep Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area, which aims at removing barriers to trade and investment between both the EU and Southern Mediterranean countries and between the Southern Mediterranean countries themselves. Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreements are in force with most of the partners (with the exception of Syria and Libya).

The scope of these agreements is essentially limited to trade in goods and a number of bilateral negotiations are on-going or being prepared in order to deepen the Association Agreements. These ongoing or future negotiations are related to further liberalisation of trade in agriculture, liberalisation of trade in services, accreditation and acceptance of industrial products and regulatory convergence.

Andorra Customs Union In force since 01/01/1991.The Council authorised on 4 December 2014 negotiations “on one or several Association Agreement(s)” between the EU and Andorra, Monaco, San Marino (AMS). The main goal of these negotiations which started in 2016 is to allow AMS to participate in the internal market (four freedoms).    The next session will take place in September or October 2018.
Armenia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement No mandate/negotiations for an FTA. Negotiations to enhance and replace the current Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) in force, including its trade related provisions were concluded on 27th February 2017 and initialled on 21 March 2017. The Agreement was signed on 24 November 2017 in the margins of the Eastern Partnership summit.  The Agreement applies provisionally as of 1 June 2018
Azerbaijan Partnership and Cooperation Agreement In force since 1999. Directives for the negotiation of a
Comprehensive Agreement between the EU and Azerbaijan were adopted by the Council on 7 November 2016. No mandate/negotiations for an FTA.
Negotiations to enhance and replace the current Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) in force, including its trade related provisions, were launched in February 2017. Negotiations of the WTO accession of Azerbaijan areongoing.                                                  The next round of negotiations is planned for third quarter of 2018.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/06/2015.In force since 2009.For all of the Western Balkan partners, the EU is the leading trade partner accounting for over 73% of the region’s total trade; while the region’s share of overall EU trade is only 1.3%.  Trade with the region has more than doubled since 2006 with the total trade between the EU and the Western Balkans exceeding EUR 49.5 billion in 2017. This trade expansion has overall been to the benefit of the Western Balkan partners: in 10 years, the region increased its exports to the EU by 142% against a more modest increase of EU exports to the region of 84%. The Western Balkan countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo
Botswana (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement In force since 05/02/2018.The EU signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 10 June 2016 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.    The agreement became the first regional EPA in Africa to be fully operational after Mozambique joined in February 2018.

The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa.

Chile Association Agreement and Additional Protocol In force since 01/03/2005. The EU and Chile concluded an Association Agreement in 2002, which includes a comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTA)   that entered into force in February 2003 covering EU-Chile trade relation
Egypt Association Agreement In force since 01/06/2004.The key objective of the trade partnership is the creation of a deep Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area, which aims at removing barriers to trade and investment between both the EU and Southern Mediterranean countries and between the Southern Mediterranean countries themselves. Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreements are in force with most of the partners (with the exception of Syria and Libya).

The scope of these agreements is essentially limited to trade in goods and a number of bilateral negotiations are on-going or being prepared in order to deepen the Association Agreements. These ongoing or future negotiations are related to further liberalisation of trade in agriculture, liberalisation of trade in services, accreditation and acceptance of industrial products and regulatory convergence.

Faroe Islands Agreement In force since 01/01/1997
Georgia Association Agreement In force since 01/07/2016.The EU and Georgia signed an Association Agreement  on 27 June 2014 it has entered into force since 1 July 2016.

The agreement introduces a preferential trade regime – the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA). This regime increases market access between the EU and Georgia based on having better-matched regulations.

Georgia has been a member of the World Trade Organisation since 2000.

Iceland Economic Area Agreement In force since 1994.Iceland’s economic and trade relations with the EU are mainly governed by the European Economic Area (EEAagreement.

The European Economic Area extends the laws of the single market (except for agriculture and fisheries laws) to the European Economic Area countries.

This means that Iceland is legally bound to add EU directives and regulations about the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital into Icelandic law.

Israel Association Agreement In force since 01/06/2000. The legal basis for EU trade relations with Israel is the EU-Israel Association Agreement, which entered into force in June 2000. The aim of this agreement is to provide an appropriate framework for political dialogue and economic cooperation between the EU and Israel.
Jordan Association Agreement In force since 01/05/2002.Trade relations between the EU and Jordan are governed by the Association Agreement  which entered into force in May 2002. This Agreement established a Free Trade Area liberalising two-way trade in goods between the EU and Jordan.  The EU and Jordan have subsequently developed their FTA further through supplementary agreements on agricultural, agro-food and fisheries products and on a bilateral Dispute Settleme Mechanism    which entered into force in 2007 and 2011 respectively.
Kosovo (UNSCR 1244) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/04/2016.In force since 01/06/2015.In force since 2009.For all of the Western Balkan partners, the EU is the leading trade partner accounting for over 73% of the region’s total trade; while the region’s share of overall EU trade is only 1.3%.  Trade with the region has more than doubled since 2006 with the total trade between the EU and the Western Balkans exceeding EUR 49.5 billion in 2017. This trade expansion has overall been to the benefit of the Western Balkan partners: in 10 years, the region increased its exports to the EU by 142% against a more modest increase of EU exports to the region of 84%. The Western Balkan countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo
Lebanon Association Agreement In force since 01/04/2006.Lebanon signed an Association Agreement with the EU in June 2002, which entered into force in April 2006. As a result, Lebanese industrial as well as most agricultural products benefit from free access to the EU market.

Lebanon is in negotiations in order to accede to the WTO, an objective which the EU strongly supports.

Lesotho (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement In force since 05/02/2018.The EU signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 10 June 2016 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.

The agreement became the first regional EPA in Africa to be fully operational after Mozambique joined in February 2018.

The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa.

Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/04/2004.In force since 01/04/2016.In force since 01/06/2015.In force since 2009.For all of the Western Balkan partners, the EU is the leading trade partner accounting for over 73% of the region’s total trade; while the region’s share of overall EU trade is only 1.3%.  Trade with the region has more than doubled since 2006 with the total trade between the EU and the Western Balkans exceeding EUR 49.5 billion in 2017. This trade expansion has overall been to the benefit of the Western Balkan partners: in 10 years, the region increased its exports to the EU by 142% against a more modest increase of EU exports to the region of 84%. The Western Balkan countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo
Mexico Global Agreement In force since 01/10/2000.The EU and Mexico reached an ‘agreement in principle’ on the trade part of a modernised EU-Mexico Global Agreement in April 2018. The new agreement will replace a previous agreement between the EU and Mexico from 2000.                                          The discussions are now focused on completing the technical details of the agreement; negotiators expect to have a final text in late 2018 before starting the legal revision of the agreement’s text (legal scrubbing).
Moldova Association Agreement In force since 01/07/2016.The Association Agreement  between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova was signed in June 2014 and has been in full effect  since July 2016.                                                                             Since the Agreement’s provisional application since September 2014 Moldova has benefitted from a (DCFTA) with the EU.                               This preferential trade system has allowed Moldova to benefit from reduced or eliminated tariffs for its goods, an increased services market and better investment conditions.
Montenegro (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/05/2010. In force since 01/06/2015.In force since 2009.For all of the Western Balkan partners, the EU is the leading trade partner accounting for over 73% of the region’s total trade; while the region’s share of overall EU trade is only 1.3%.  Trade with the region has more than doubled since 2006 with the total trade between the EU and the Western Balkans exceeding EUR 49.5 billion in 2017. This trade expansion has overall been to the benefit of the Western Balkan partners: in 10 years, the region increased its exports to the EU by 142% against a more modest increase of EU exports to the region of 84%. The Western Balkan countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo
Morocco Association Agreement In force since 01/03/2000-Negotiations for a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the EU and Morocco were launched on 1 March 2013. Four negotiating rounds have taken place so far, the most recent in April 2014. The DCFTA will build on the existing EU-Morocco Association Agreement which entered into force in 2000 and created a Free Trade Area between the EU and Morocco.                                                               The overall goal of the negotiations is to create new trade and investment opportunities and ensure a better integration of Morocco’s economy into the EU single market. The DCFTA also aims at supporting ongoing economic reforms in Morocco and at bringing the Moroccan legislation closer to that of the EU in trade-related areas.

A Sustainability Impact Assessment on a DCFTA was carried out by an independent contractor in 2013.

Mozambique (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement In force since 05/02/2018.The EU signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 10 June 2016 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.    The agreement became the first regional EPA in Africa to be fully operational after Mozambique joined in February 2018.            The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa.
Namibia (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement In force since 05/02/2018. The EU signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 10 June 2016 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.   The agreement became the first regional EPA in Africa to be fully operational after Mozambique joined in February 2018.            The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa.
Norway Economic Area Agreement In force since 1994.Norway’s economic and trade relations with the EU are mainly governed by the agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA).
Palestinian Authority Interim Association Agreement In force since 01/07/1997.An Interim Association Agreement on Trade and Cooperation was concluded between the EU and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) on behalf of the Palestinian Authority in 1997. The agreement provides for duty-free access to EU markets for Palestinian industrial goods, and a phase-out of tariffs on EU exports to Palestine over five years.  An Agreement for further liberalisation of agricultural products, processed agricultural products and fish and fishery products entered into force on 1 January 2012
Russia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement In force since 01/12/1997.Since 1997 the EU’s political and economic relations with Russia have been based on a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA).  The Agreement aims to promote trade and investment and develop harmonious economic relations between the EU and Russia.                                                                        Since 2012, when Russia joined the WTO, EU-Russia trade relations have also been framed by WTO rule
San Marino Customs Union In force since 01/04/2002
Serbia (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/09/2013.In force since 01/05/2010. In force since 01/06/2015.In force since 2009.For all of the Western Balkan partners, the EU is the leading trade partner accounting for over 73% of the region’s total trade; while the region’s share of overall EU trade is only 1.3%.  Trade with the region has more than doubled since 2006 with the total trade between the EU and the Western Balkans exceeding EUR 49.5 billion in 2017. This trade expansion has overall been to the benefit of the Western Balkan partners: in 10 years, the region increased its exports to the EU by 142% against a more modest increase of EU exports to the region of 84%. The Western Balkan countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo
South Africa Economic Partnership Agreement In force since 05/02/2018.South Africa’s trade relations and development co-operation with the European Union are currently governed by the Trade, Development and Co-operation Agreement (TDCA) .The Trade, Development and Co-operation Agreement has established a free trade area that covers 90% of bilateral trade between the EU and South Africa.The liberalisation schedules were completed by 2012.                                                                                    In June 2016, South Africa signed EU – SADC EPA together with 5 other southern African countries (Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, and Swaziland). Once ratified, the EPA will replace the TDCA.
South Korea Free Trade Agreement In force since 01/07/2016. The EU-South Korea free trade agreement  (FTA) has been provisionally applied since July 2011 and was formally ratified in December 2015 . It goes further than any previous agreements in lifting trade barriers and was also the EU’s first trade deal with an Asian country
Swaziland (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement In force since 05/02/2018.The EU signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 10 June 2016 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.  The agreement became the first regional EPA in Africa to be fully operational after Mozambique joined in February 2018.

The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa.

Switzerland Agreement In force since 01/01/1973. Switzerland’s economic and trade relations with the EU are mainly governed through a series of bilateral agreements where Switzerland has agreed to take over certain aspects of EU legislation in exchange for accessing part of the EU’s single market.
Syria Co-operation Agreement In force since 01/07/1977.Bilateral EU-Syria relations are governed by the Cooperation Agreement  signed in 1977 but is currently suspended as regards trade in crude oil, petroleum products, gold, precious metals and diamonds.

Syria and the EU have negotiated an Association Agreement. However, the signature of the Association Agreement between the EU and Syria has been put on hold by the EU due to the internal situation in Syria and with time the legal texts of the agreement have become obsolete.  The ongoing internal repression in Syria has also led to restrictive measures by the EU and has a significant impact on bilateral trade.

Syria applied for WTO membership in October 2001. On 4 May 2010 the WTO General Council established a working party to examine the Syrian request for WTO membership.

Tunisia Association Agreement In force since 01/03/1998.Negotiations for a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the EU and Tunisia were launched on 13 October 2015. One negotiating round has taken place so far, in April 2016. The DCFTA will build on the existing EU-Tunisia Association Agreement, which entered into force in 1998 and created a Free Trade Area between the EU and Tunisia.

The overall goal of the negotiations is to create new trade and investment opportunities and ensure a better integration of Tunisia’s economy into the EU single market. The DCFTA also aims at supporting ongoing economic reforms in Tunisia and at bringing the Tunisian legislation closer to that of the EU in trade-related areas.

Discussions cover a wide range of issues including agriculture, services, and sustainable development. The EU and Tunisia published a joint report, the EU-proposed negotiation texts and explanatory factsheet  following the round.

Turkey Customs Union In force since 31/12/1995. (Candidate Country) Draft Negotiating directives adopted by Commission on 21December 2016. Council started its deliberations on the Commission`s proposal on 20 January 2017. During 2017, the proposal was under discussion in the Council Working Groups COELA and TPC, as well as in the European Parliament. It is up to the Council to conclude its work on the Negotiating directives.

The negotiations can start once the Council adopts the Negotiating directives.

 

2. TRADE AGREEMENTS THAT ARE PARTLY IN PLACE

These are countries and regions that have part (but not all) of their agreements in place with the EU. The agreement is fully applied when all parties have ratified the agreement.

Country (Region) Agreement Status
Antigua and Barbuda (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Armenia Updated Partnership and Cooperation Agreement Provisionally applied since 06/2018.Current EU-Armenia bilateral trade relations are regulated by a Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement . This agreement has been provisionally applied  since June 2018.

Negotiations for the agreement were completed in February 2017. The new agreement replaces a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement from 1999.

Bahamas (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreementwith the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

.

Barbados (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Belize (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Botswana (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016-The EU signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 10 June 2016 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.

The agreement became the first regional EPA in Africa to be fully operational after Mozambique joined in February 2018.

The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa.

Cameroon (Central Africa) Interim Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2014.The EU and Cameroon signed an interim Economic Partnership Agreement in 2009 and are currently implementing it. The agreement is open to any country or group of countries from the Central African region that are interested in joining.

The countries part of the agreement are Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo-Democratic Republic of (Kinshasa), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé & Princip

Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) The European Commission has adopted on 5 July 2016 draft proposals for Council Decisions on the signature, provisional
application and conclusion of the Comprehensive Economic andTrade Agreement (CETA) and submitted this to the Council foradoption. The Council has adopted the CETA proposal on 28
October to allow the signature and the provisional application of CETA. The agreement was signed on 30 October 2016 during the EU Canada bilateral Summit. The European Parliament gave its consent to CETA on 15 February 2017 NOTE. On 21 September 2017, the agreement has provisionally
entered into force. It will enter into force fully and
definitively when all EU Member States parliaments have ratified the Agreement.
Colombia (with Ecuador and Peru) Trade Agreement Signed 26/07/2012, provisionally applied since 2013.The EU has a comprehensive Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peruwhich has been provisionally applied with Peru since 1 March 2013 and with Colombia since 1 August 2013 .The EU, together with Ecuador, Colombia and Peru, signed the Protocol of Accession of Ecuador to the Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peru  on 11 November 2016. On 1 Januar2017, Ecuador joined the Trade Agreement.

Once fully applied, this agreement will open up markets on both sides as well as increase the stability and predictability of the trade and investment environment. The Third Annual Report on the Implementation of the EU-Colombia/Peru Trade Agreement was issued on 10 October 2017.

Bolivia, a member of the Andean Community, also has the possibility to seek accession to the Trade Agreement.

Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa) Economic Partnership Agre Provisionally applied since 03/09/2016.ECOWAS ) and the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEM).

Until the adoption of the full regional EPA with West Africa, ‘stepping stone’ Economic Partnership Agreements with Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana entered into provisional application on 3 September 2016 and 15 December 2016 respectively.

Comoros (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, not yet provisionally applied.The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

This deal remains open to other countries who want to join late

Costa Rica (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component  Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013.The EU and the Central American region concluded a new Association Agreement, signed on 29 June 2012.  The Association Agreement relies on three complementary and equally important pillars, namely political dialogue, cooperation, and trade which reinforce each other and their effects.  These are the right tools to support economic growth, democracy and political stability in Central America.

The trade pillar of the Association Agreement has been provisionally applied since 1st August 2013 with Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, since 1st October 2013 with Costa Rica and El Salvador, and since 1 December with Guatemala.

Cuba Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement Provisionally applied since 1/11/2017
Dominica (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Djibouti (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, not yet provisionally applied.The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

This deal remains open to other countries who want to join later.

Dominican Republic (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

.

Ecuador (with Colombia and Peru) Trade Agreement Signed 26/07/2012, provisionally applied since 2013.The EU has a comprehensive Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peruwhich has been provisionally applied with Peru since 1 March 2013 and with Colombia since 1 August 2013.

The EU, together with Ecuador, Colombia and Peru, signed the Protocol of Accession of Ecuador to the Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peru  on 11 November 2016. On 1 January 2017, Ecuador joined the Trade Agreement.

Once fully applied, this agreement will open up markets on both sides as well as increase the stability and predictability of the trade and investment environment. The Third Annual Report  on the Implementation of the EU-Colombia/Peru Trade Agreement was issued on 10 October 2017.

Bolivia, a member of the Andean Community, also has the possibility to seek accession to the Trade Agreement.

El Salvador (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013.The EU and the Central American region concluded a new Association Agreement, signed on 29 June 2012.  The Association Agreement relies on three complementary and equally important pillars, namely political dialogue, cooperation, and trade which reinforce each other and their effects.  These are the right tools to support economic growth, democracy and political stability in Central America.

The trade pillar of the Association Agreement has been provisionally applied since 1st August 2013 with Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, since 1st October 2013 with Costa Rica and El Salvador, and since 1 December with Guatemal

Eritrea (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, not yet provisionally applied.The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

This deal remains open to other countries who want to join later.

Ethiopia (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, not yet provisionally applied.The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

This deal remains open to other countries who want to join later.

Fiji (with Papua New Guinea) Interim Partnership Agreement Ratified by Papua New Guinea in May 2011.The EU’s trade relationship with the Pacific states (Papua New Guinea and Fiji) is set by an Economic Partnership agreement.

The agreement was ratified by the European Parliament in January 2011 and by Papua New Guinea in May 2011. The government of Fiji started applying the agreement in July 2014.

Samoa and the Solomon Islands informed the European Commission that they wish to join the EPA. An accession procedure is now underway.

Ghana (West Africa) Stepping stone Economic Partnership Agreement provisionally applied Provisionally applied since 15/12/2016.The EU has initialed an Economic Partnership Agreement with 16 West African states; the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU).

Until the adoption of the full regional EPA with West Africa, ‘stepping stone’ Economic Partnership Agreements with Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana entered into provisional application on 3 September 2016 and 15 December 2016 respectively.

Grenada (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification.

Guatemala (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013.The EU and the Central American region concluded a new Association Agreement, signed on 29 June 2012.  The Association Agreement relies on three complementary and equally important pillars, namely political dialogue, cooperation, and trade which reinforce each other and their effects.  These are the right tools to support economic growth, democracy and political stability in Central America.

The trade pillar of the Association Agreement has been provisionally applied since 1st August 2013 with Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, since 1st October 2013 with Costa Rica and El Salvador, and since 1 December with Guatemala.

Guyana (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Haiti (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Haitian ratification still pending.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreemen  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Honduras (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013.The EU and the Central American region concluded a new Association Agreement, signed on 29 June 2012.  The Association Agreement relies on three complementary and equally important pillars, namely political dialogue, cooperation, and trade which reinforce each other and their effects.  These are the right tools to support economic growth, democracy and political stability in Central America.

The trade pillar of the Association Agreement has been provisionally applied since 1st August 2013 with Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, since 1st October 2013 with Costa Rica and El Salvador, and since 1 December with Guatemala.

Jamaica (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Kazakhstan Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement Provisionally applied since 01/05/2016.The Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (EPCA) governs trade and economic relations between the EU and Kazakhstan. The agreement was signed in 2015 and entered into provisional application on 1 May 2016. EU Member States are now ratifying  the agreement.

The EPCA replaces the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, signed in 1995 and which entered into force in 1999.

The EU Strategy for Central Asia is also an important framework for relations between the EU and Kazakhstan. A revision of the EU Strategy for Central Asia is planned to be completed in 2019.

Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, and Zimbabwe (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, provisionally applied since 2012.The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

This deal remains open to other countries who want to join late

Papua New Guinea and Fiji Interim Partnership Agreement Ratified by Papua New Guinea in May 2011.The EU’s trade relationship with the Pacific states (Papua New Guinea and Fiji) is set by an Economic Partnership agreement.

The agreement was ratified by the European Parliament in January 2011 and by Papua New Guinea in May 2011. The government of Fiji started applying the agreement in July 2014.

Samoa and the Solomon Islands informed the European Commission that they wish to join the EPA. An accession procedure is now underway

Namibia (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016.The EU signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 10 June 2016 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.

The agreement became the first regional EPA in Africa to be fully operational after Mozambique joined in February 2018.

The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa

Nicaragua (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013-The EU and the Central American region concluded a new Association Agreement, signed on 29 June 2012.  The Association Agreement relies on three complementary and equally important pillars, namely political dialogue, cooperation, and trade which reinforce each other and their effects.  These are the right tools to support economic growth, democracy and political stability in Central America.

The trade pillar of the Association Agreement has been provisionally applied since 1st August 2013 with Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, since 1st October 2013 with Costa Rica and El Salvador, and since 1 December with Guatemala.

Panama (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013.The EU and the Central American region concluded a new Association Agreement, signed on 29 June 2012.  The Association Agreement relies on three complementary and equally important pillars, namely political dialogue, cooperation, and trade which reinforce each other and their effects.  These are the right tools to support economic growth, democracy and political stability in Central America.

The trade pillar of the Association Agreement has been provisionally applied since 1st August 2013 with Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, since 1st October 2013 with Costa Rica and El Salvador, and since 1 December with Guatemala.

Papua New Guinea (with Fiji) Interim Partnership Agreement Ratified by Papua New Guinea in May 2011-The EU’s trade relationship with the Pacific states (Papua New Guinea and Fiji) is set by an Economic Partnership agreement.

The agreement was ratified by the European Parliament in January 2011 and by Papua New Guinea in May 2011. The government of Fiji started applying the agreement in July 2014.

Samoa and the Solomon Islands informed the European Commission that they wish to join the EPA. An accession procedure is now underway.

Madagascar (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, provisionally applied since 06/2011.The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreementwith the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

This deal remains open to other countries who want to join later.

Peru (with Colombia and Ecuador) Trade Agreement Signed 26/07/2012, provisionally applied since 2013.The EU has a comprehensive Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peruwhich has been provisionally applied with Peru since 1 March 2013and with Colombia since 1 August 2013.

The EU, together with Ecuador, Colombia and Peru, signed the Protocol of Accession of Ecuador to the Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peru on 11 November 2016. On 1 January 2017, Ecuador joined the Trade Agreement.

Once fully applied, this agreement will open up markets on both sides as well as increase the stability and predictability of the trade and investment environment. The Third Annual Repor  on the Implementation of the EU-Colombia/Peru Trade Agreement was issued on 10 October 2017.

South Africa Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016.The EU signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 10 June 2016 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.

The agreement became the first regional EPA in Africa to be fully operational after Mozambique joined in February 2018.

The other six members of the Southern African Development Community region – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe – are negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements with the EU as part of other regional groups, namely Central Africa or Eastern and Southern Africa.

St Kitts and Nevis (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

.

St Lucia (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

.

St Vincent and the Grenadines (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Sudan (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, not provisionally applied yet.The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

This deal remains open to other countries who want to join later.

Suriname (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Trinidad and Tobago (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008.In October 2008 Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement  with the EU.

Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but is not applying it yet, pending its ratification

Ukraine Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement
Association Agreement
Signed 29/05/2014, provisionally applied since 01/01/2016.The EU and Ukraine have provisionally applied their Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) since 1 January 2016. This agreement means both sides will mutually open their markets for goods and services based on predictable and enforceable trade rules.

This is part of the broader Association Agreemen(AA) whose political and cooperation provisions have been provisionally applied since November 2014.

Autonomous Trade Measures (ATMs) for Ukraine topping up the concessions included in the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement/its Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) for several industrial goods and agricultural products entered into force in October 2017.

Zambia (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, not provisionally applied yet-The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreemen  with the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

3. TRADE AGREEMENTS THAT ARE PENDING

Country (Region) Agreement pending Status
Burundi (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Has not signed or ratified agreement.The East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) finalised the negotiations for an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)  with the EU on 16 October 2014.

Kenya and Rwanda signed the EPA in September 2016, and Kenya has ratified it. For the EPA to enter into force, the three remaining EAC members need to sign and ratify the agreement.

South Sudan became the sixth member of the EAC in September 2016.

The European Commission submitted a proposal for conclusion, signature and provisional application of the full EPA with the East African Community to the Council in February 2016.

Japan Economic partnership Agreement On 6 July 2017 the EU and Japan reached an agreement in
principle on the main elements of an Economic Partnership Agreement at the EU-Japan summit. The Agreement was
finalised on 8 December 2017. The EPA removes the vast majority of duties paid by EU companies, which sum up to €1 billion annually, opens the Japanese market to key EU agricultural exports and increases opportunities in a range of sectors. It sets the highest standards of labour, safety, environmental and consumer protection, data protection, fully safeguards public services and has a dedicated chapter on sustainable development. For the first time, an agreement includes a specific commitment to the Paris climatechange.
After legal scrubbing and translation into all EU official languages the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement was submitted for the approval of EU Member States on 18 April2018 .                                                                                                                          Once approved by the Council, the agreement will be sent to the European Parliament.
Kenya (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Signed and ratified, provisional application when all EAC countries sign and ratify.The East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) finalised the negotiations for an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA  with the EU on 16 October 2014.

Kenya and Rwanda signed the EPA in September 2016, and Kenya has ratified it. For the EPA to enter into force, the three remaining EAC members need to sign and ratify the agreement.

South Sudan became the sixth member of the EAC in September 2016.

The European Commission submitted a proposal for conclusion, signature and provisional application of the full EPA with the East African Community to the Council in February 2016

Rwanda (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, provisional application when all EAC countries sign and ratify.The East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) finalised the negotiations for an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the EU on 16 October 2014.

Kenya and Rwanda signed the EPA in September 2016, and Kenya has ratified it. For the EPA to enter into force, the three remaining EAC members need to sign and ratify the agreement.

South Sudan became the sixth member of the EAC in September 2016.

The European Commission submitted a proposal for conclusion, signature and provisional application of the full EPA with the East African Community to the Council in February 2016

Singapore Free Trade Agreeme Trade and investment negotiations with Singapore were launched in 2010 and completed in 2012, with the exception of provisions on investment protection, which were finalised in
2014 and subsequently amended in 2017 to bring them in line with the EU’s new approach to investment protection and dispute resolution.
Following the Court of Justice of the EU Opinion 2/15 (issued in May 2017), the architecture of the agreement was adapted to that of two standalone agreements: a Free Trade Agreement(FTA) and an Investment Protection Agreement (IPA) .
The draft trade and investment agreements were presented to the Council on 18 April 2018                          The next steps are that the European Council needs now to adopt the decisions authorising the signature of the agreements before these can be signed and presented to the European Parliament for
consent. The investment protection agreement will then follow its ratification procedure also at Member State level.
Tanzania (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Has not signed or ratified agreement.The East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) finalised the negotiations for an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)  with the EU on 16 October 2014.

Kenya and Rwanda signed the EPA in September 2016, and Kenya has ratified it. For the EPA to enter into force, the three remaining EAC members need to sign and ratify the agreement.

South Sudan became the sixth member of the EAC in September 2016.

The European Commission submitted a proposal for conclusion, signature and provisional application of the full EPA with the East African Community to the Council in February 2016.

Uganda (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Has not signed or ratified agreement.The East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) finalised the negotiations for an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)  with the EU on 16 October 2014.

Kenya and Rwanda signed the EPA in September 2016, and Kenya has ratified it. For the EPA to enter into force, the three remaining EAC members need to sign and ratify the agreement.

South Sudan became the sixth member of the EAC in September 2016.

The European Commission submitted a proposal for conclusion, signature and provisional application of the full EPA with the East African Community to the Council in February 2016.

Vietnam Free Trade Agreement On 2 December 2015, Commission President Juncker and Vietnamese Prime Minister Dung announced the formal conclusion of the negotiations for an EU-Vietnam FTA.
On 1 February 2016, the preliminary text of the Agreement was published on DG Trade’s website together with a Commission Staff Working Document on Human Rights and Sustainable
Development in the EU-Vietnam Relations with specific regard to the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement.
Following the Opinion 2/15 of the European Court of Justice on 16 May 2017 on the Singapore FTA, the Agreement with Vietnam was split into a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and an Investment Protection Agreement (IPA).
The legal review of the text is completed.The FTA text is currently being translated into the other
22 EU official languages. Once translated, the
Commission will make a proposal to the Council for
signature and conclusion of the agreements. After
signature the Council will send the agreements to the European Parliament, aiming for the entry into force of the trade agreement in 2019.
The investment protection agreement with Vietnam will follow its ratification procedure also at Member State level.
Preparations are on-going for an effective and timely implementation of the Agreements

4. TRADE AGREEMENTS THAT ARE BEING UPDATED

Country (Region) New agreement being negotiated Status
Azerbaijan Update of Partnership and Cooperation Agreement Negotiations began February 2017.EU-Azerbaijan trade relations are based on a Partnership and Cooperation Agreementwhich has been in force since 1999.

The EU and Azerbaijan launched negotiations for a new comprehensive agreement in 2017.

The negotiations include talks to enhance the EU-Azerbaijan trade cooperation.  The next round of negotiations is planned for first quarter of 2018.

Chile Modernise trade part of Association Agreement Negotiations began 16/11/2017.The EU and Chile concluded an Association Agreement in 2002, which includes a comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTA)that entered into force in February 2003 covering EU-Chile trade relations.
Mexico Modernisation of Global Agreement ‘Agreement in principle’ on the trade part reached in April 2018.The EU and Mexico reached an ‘agreement in principle’ on the trade part of a modernised EU-Mexico Global Agreement in April 2018. The new agreement will replace a previous agreement between the EU and Mexico from 2000.

The discussions are now focused on completing the technical details of the agreement; negotiators expect to have a final text in late 2018 before starting the legal revision of the agreement’s text (legal scrubbing).

Find out about all the different areas of the new EU-Mexico trade agreement

Morocco Update of Association Agreement to create a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area The EU-Morocco Association Agreement was signed in February 1996 and entered into force in March 2000. The two sides subsequently negotiated an additional protocol setting up a dispute settlement mechanism, which entered into force in
November 2012, and an agreement on further liberalisation of trade in agricultural products which entered into force in October 2012.
In March 2013, the EU and Morocco launched negotiations for a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA).
Four rounds have taken place and texts for all chapters have been put on the table.                                     The latest round took place in April 2014. The negotiations were then put on hold to accommodate the plan of Morocco to carry out additional studies before continuing the negotiations
Tunisia Update of Association Agreement to create a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area The EU signed an Association Agreement with Tunisia in July 1995. The Agreement entered into force in March 1998.
In December 2009, the EU signed also an agreement on Dispute Settlement Mechanism that entered into force in September 2011.
A preparatory process for launching negotiations on a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTAs) was completed in June 2014 and the negotiations were launched in October 2015.
Bilateral negotiations on the liberalisation of trade in services and establishment, and agriculture will be integrated into the DCFTA. The negotiations were launched on the 13th of October 2015 in Tunis, in presence of Commissioner Malmström and the Tunisian Minister of Trade. A preliminary round followed during the week of 19 – 22 October 2015 in Tunis. The first full roundtook place in Tunis in the week of 18 – 21 April 2016 and wasfollowed by a technical round during 6 – 10 February 2017 in Brussels.The second full round is planned for the first half of 2018

5. TRADE AGREEMENTS THAT ARE BEING NEGOTIATED

Country (Region) Agreement Status
Argentina (Mercosur) Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations resumed May 2010.Bilateral relations between the EU and Argentina are governed by the Framework Trade and Economic Co-operation Agreement , which entered into force in 1990.

As a member of Mercosur, Argentina is also party to the EU-Mercosur Framework Co-operation Agreement signed in 1995, which includes provisions on trade cooperation.  Argentina is also part in the on-going negotiations of an EU-Mercosur Association Agreement.

Australia Australia Agreement On 18 June 2018, EU and Australia launched negotiations for a comprehensive trade agreement. The first formal round of talks took place in Brussels from 2 to 6 July 1918. On 22 May 2018, the Council of the European Union adopted the decision authorising the opening of negotiations for a trade
agreement.                                                                    Next round to be determined .                         SEE BELOW FOR MORE INFORMATION AND LINKS RE AUSTRALIA
Bahrain (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008.The six member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE) represent an important region from a trade point of view and were the EU’s fourth largest export market in 2016. The GCC countries have formed their own customs union and are working towards the goal of completing an internal market.

There is an ongoing cooperation between the EU and GCC on trade and investment issues, macro-economic matters, climate change, energy and environment as well as research.

A more structured informal EU-GCC dialogue on Trade and Investment was launched in May 2017.

Brazil (Mercosur) Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations resumed May 2010.The EU is negotiating a free trade agreement with Brazil as part of the EU’s Association Agreement negotiations with the Mercosur countries (which also include Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay).

Brazil is the largest economy of Latin America and its trade with the EU makes up 30.8% of the EU’s total trade with the Latin America region in 2016.

China EU-China investment agreement The Council authorised the Commission to initiate negotiations for a comprehensive EU-China investment agreement on 18 October 2013. The mandate to launch
negotiations on a new Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with China was approved by the Council in
December 2005.                                                           Negotiations of a comprehensive EU-China investment agreement were formally launched at the EU-China Summit of 21 November 2013 in Beijing. The aim of this
agreement is to remove market access barriers to investment and provide a high level of protection to investors and investments in EU and China markets. It will
replace the 26 existing Bilateral Investment Treaties between 27 individual EU Member States and China by one single comprehensive investment Agreement.
In 2016 the EU and China negotiators reached clear conclusions on an ambitious and comprehensive scope for
the EU-China investment agreement and established a joint negotiating text.
The 18th round of negotiations took place in Brussels from 12 to 13 July 2018.                            Separate negotiations with China for an upgrade of the 1985 Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement were launched in 2007 but have been stalled since 2011 due
to divergences between the mandates and expectations of the parties.                                     The 19th round is tentatively scheduled for 29-30 October 2018 in Beijing.
India Free Trade Agreement Negotiations for an ambitious and broad-based FTA were launched in June 2007 and, after 12 formal rounds and several technical meetings, were brought to a de facto standstill in the summer 2013 due to a mismatch of the level of ambitions.
Following the 2017 EU-India Summit, EU and India had extensive exchanges to evaluate whether conditions were right to resume negotiations. Both sides are now in the process of assessing the outcomes of those talks. The EU remains committed to strengthening the economic partnership with India, and to a comprehensive and mutually beneficial India-EU FTA once there
is a mutual understanding on the scope and level ambition
thereof.                                                                          Both sides are in the process of assessing the outcomes of talks.
Indonesia Free Trade Agreement The Council gave the Commission the green light to start negotiations for an FTA with Indonesia on 18 July 2016.
The first round of negotiations took place in September 2016 in Brussels. The last round of negotiations took place from 9 to 13 July 2018 in Brussels.                                                          The sixth round will be held during the week of 15 October 2018 in Indonesia.
Kuwait (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008.The six member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE) represent an important region from a trade point of view and were the EU’s fourth largest export market in 2016. The GCC countries have formed their own customs union and are working towards the goal of completing an internal market.

There is an ongoing cooperation between the EU and GCC on trade and investment issues, macro-economic matters, climate change, energy and environment as well as research.

A more structured informal EU-GCC dialogue on Trade and Investment was launched in May 2017

Malaysia Free Trade Agreement Trade and investment negotiations with Malaysia were launched in September 2010 and, after seven rounds, put on hold in April 2012 at the request of Malaysia. While much has been advanced in negotiations, the most difficult issues remain to be resolved.                 In 2016, a stocktaking exercise was initiated to assess the prospect to resume negotiations. Both sides are currently assessing whether there is enough common
ground to re-launch the negotiations in due course. The EU is looking for a comprehensive and ambitious agreement, as was reached with Singapore and Vietnam
Myanmar Investment protection agreement The EU sent its text proposal in December 2014. Four rounds of negotiations have taken place so far: 9-12 February 2015, 25-29 May 2015, 21-23 September 2015, and 13-16 December 2016. Technical discussions were held on 26-27 April 2017, and good progress was made, but discussions will have to continue.                                                          No date has been set yet for the next round of negotiations.
New Zealand New Zealand Agreement Negotiations launched in June 2018.On 22 May 2018, the Council of the European Union adopted the decision authorising the opening of negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement between the EU and New Zealand. The Council published the mandate on 25 June 2018.

In 2017 the EU and New Zealand entered into a partnership agreement which contains a number of economic and trade cooperation rules.

More information on the EU-New Zealand trade negotiations AND SEE BELOW

Oman (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008.The six member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE) represent an important region from a trade point of view and were the EU’s fourth largest export market in 2016. The GCC countries have formed their own customs union and are working towards the goal of completing an internal market.

There is an ongoing cooperation between the EU and GCC on trade and investment issues, macro-economic matters, climate change, energy and environment as well as research.

A more structured informal EU-GCC dialogue on Trade and Investment was launched in May 201

Paraguay (Mercosur) Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations resumed May 2010.The relations between the EU and Paraguay are governed by the Framework Cooperation Agreement signed in 1992.

The follow-up of this agreement entails regular meetings of the EU-Paraguay Joint Commission, including on trade matters. This Commission meets normally every 2 years , most recently in Asunción in October 2016.  The Joint Commission should therefore meet again in 2018.

As a member of Mercosur, Paraguay is also a party to the EU-Mercosur Framework Co-operation Agreement signed in 1995, which includes provisions on trade cooperation.  Paraguay is also part in the on-going negotiations of an EU-Mercosur Association Agreement.

Philippines Free Trade Agreement Trade and investment negotiations with the Philippines were launched in December 2015. The first round of negotiations took place in May 2016 in Brussels and the second round was held in February 2017 in Cebu City (Philippines).                                                                No date has been set yet for the next round of negotiations
Qatar (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008.The six member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE) represent an important region from a trade point of view and were the EU’s fourth largest export market in 2016. The GCC countries have formed their own customs union and are working towards the goal of completing an internal market.

There is an ongoing cooperation between the EU and GCC on trade and investment issues, macro-economic matters, climate change, energy and environment as well as research.

A more structured informal EU-GCC dialogue on Trade and Investment was launched in May 201

Saudi Arabia (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008.The six member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE) represent an important region from a trade point of view and were the EU’s fourth largest export market in 2016. The GCC countries have formed their own customs union and are working towards the goal of completing an internal market.

There is an ongoing cooperation between the EU and GCC on trade and investment issues, macro-economic matters, climate change, energy and environment as well as research.

A more structured informal EU-GCC dialogue on Trade and Investment was launched in May 201

Thailand Free Trade Agreement The Council endorsed the launch of negotiations on an FTA with Thailand in February 2013. The talks were officially launched in March 2013 and four rounds took place with the last one held in April 2014. Since the military takeover in Thailand in May 2014 no further FTA rounds have been scheduled.                                                          In line with the Conclusions adopted by the Council in December 2017, the resumption of FTA negotiations may be pursued after a democratically elected civilian
government is in place in Thailand. The EU stands ready to explore with Thailand the level of interest and ambition
United Arab Emirates (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008.The six member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE) represent an important region from a trade point of view and were the EU’s fourth largest export market in 2016. The GCC countries have formed their own customs union and are working towards the goal of completing an internal market.

There is an ongoing cooperation between the EU and GCC on trade and investment issues, macro-economic matters, climate change, energy and environment as well as research.

A more structured informal EU-GCC dialogue on Trade and Investment was launched in May 2017.

United States Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership  Fifteen rounds of negotiations have taken place since July 2013, the latest one during the first week of October 2016.  Negotiations with the United States on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) were stopped until further notice at the end of 2016.
Uruguay (Mercosur) Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations resumed May 2010.he relations between the EU and Uruguay are governed by the Framework Co-operation Agreement  concluded in 1992.

Since then the bilateral relations have intensified, including in economic terms (the EU is the biggest source of investment in Uruguay).

The follow-up of this agreement entails regular meetings of the EU-Uruguay Joint Commission, including on trade matters. This Commission meets normally every 2 years, most recently in March 2017.  The Joint Commission should therefore meet again in 2019.

As a member of Mercosur, Uruguay is also a Party to the EU-Mercosur Framework Co-operation Agreement signed in 1995, which includes provisions on trade cooperation.  Uruguay is also part in the on-going negotiations of an EU-Mercosur Association Agreement.

Venezuela Mercosur Free Trade Agreement Suspended as Mercosur Member

ADDITIONAL REPORTS ON SUBJECTS OR COUNTRY GROUPINGS OR COUNTRIES NOT NAMED SPECIFICALLY ABOVE

  1. ASEAN COUNTRIES.                                                                                                                                         Negotiating directives obtained in April 2007.  Negotiations with a regional grouping of 7 ASEAN Member States started in July 2007. In March 2009, the 7th Joint Committee agreed to take a pause in the regional negotiations. In December 2009, EU Member States agreed that the Commission would pursue FTA negotiations in a bilateral format with countries of ASEAN. Negotiations with Singapore and Malaysia were launched in 2010, with Vietnam in June 2012 and with Thailand in March 2013. Negotiations with Philippines and Indonesia were launched in 2016.
    In March 2017 Ministers tasked the Senior Economic Officials towork out the parameters of a future ASEAN-EU region-to-region agreement and to report back to the next Ministerial meeting in 2018 under the Singapore chairmanship. Since then, a Joint Working Group on the FTA met once in October 2017 in the Philippines. The last meeting of the Joint Working Group tookplace end January 2017.      No date for the next meeting.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2.MERCOSUR COUNTRIES.                                                                                                                         Negotiating Directives of 1999. Negotiations rounds were resumed in 2016 after an exchange of market access offers took place in May 2016. A first round was held in Brussels in October 2016, followed by rounds alternatively in Mercosur and Brussels. The last one took place in Asuncion from 21 February to 2 March 2018.                                  The date for the next round is still to be confirmed.

3. GENERAL OVERVIEW ON SOUTH MEDITERRANEAN AND MIDDLE EAST COUNTRIES.                                                                                                                                                  The EU has established a network of Association Agreements, which include reciprocal FTAs essentially limited to trade in goods, with 8 countries of the region (all except Libya and Syria).
In order to promote broader regional integration, the EU also encourages the countries of the region to agree FTAs between themselves and has promoted wide participation in the Pan-Euro Mediterranean system of cumulation for rules of origin (in which EFTA and Western Balkans countries also participate).                                              Under the framework of the Association Agreements, a series of bilateral negotiations have been launched with individual partners to complement and expand these agreements in areas such as agriculture, industrial standards, dispute settlement and services and establishment. A number of these free-standing negotiations have been successfully concluded, while others are continuing and, where appropriate, may be absorbed into DCFTA negotiations.
On 14th December 2011, the Council authorised the Commission to open bilateral negotiations to establish Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas with Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia. Individual scoping exercises to prepare these negotiations were launched with Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan in March 2012 and with Egypt in June 2013. Negotiations with Morocco were launched in March 2013 and with Tunisia in October 2015.

4. BELARUS .                                                                                                                                                        Conclusions of the European Council on Belarus of 15 February2016 call for the acceleration of the implementation of measures aimed at enhancing EU-Belarus cooperation in a number of economic, trade and assistance related fields’.Through the amendment of Regulation (EU) 2015/936,
Commission proposed on 3 February 2016 to abolish the autonomous quotas for the import of textiles and clothing from Belarus, also considering their limited use and impact on trade. Regulation (EU) 2017/354 of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2015/936
on common rules for imports of textile products from certain third countries not covered by bilateral agreements, protocols or other arrangements, or by other specific Union import rules was adopted on 15 February2017 and published on 3 March 2017.

5.KRYGYZSTAN.                                                                                                                                                College adopted joint recommendations to the Council on 2 June 2017. College authorised the Commission and the HRVP to negotiate a new agreement (Enhanced Partnership Cooperation Agreement) with the Kyrgyz Republic, building on the provisions of the existing PCA which dates from 1995. The Council has approved the negotiations directives on 9 October 2017. Negotiations have started, with a first ‘political’ round that took place on 19 December 2017. The negotiations covering the trade and trade related chapters started in Kyrgyzstan on 28 February and 1 March.
The last round of negotiations of the Trade Part of the new agreement took place in Bishkek on 26-28 June 2018. The next round is tentatively planned on 23-25 October 2018.

6. UZBEKISTAN.                                                                                                                                                 College adopted joint recommendations to the Council on 14 May 2018.                                Draft mandate will be in Council discussions during spring/summer 2018

7.SERVICES (TISA).                                                                                                                                          In February 2013, the European Commission received from the Council its green light for negotiations on a new international agreement on trade in services. The negotiations cover all services sectors, including information and communicationtechnology (ICT) services, logistics and transport,financial services and services for businesses.                                                                                                                          The talks started formally in March 2013. 23 WTO members (including EU representing it 28 Member States)have taken part in the negotiations. By the end of 2016, most participants had indicated which of their services markets they were prepared to open and to what extent. 21 negotiation rounds took place.                        Negotiations are paused since the US Presidential elections in November 2016, pending clarity in the US trade policy.

8.GREEN GOODS.                                                                                                                                               Since July 2014 the EU and 16 other members (see below) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have been negotiating an Environmental Goods Agreement (EGA) to remove barriers to trade in environmental or “green” goods that are crucial for environmental protection and climate change mitigation. The next, 18th round took place in November and was followed by a Ministerial meeting in December 2016. Despite efforts, the deal could not yet be reached. Read more.                                      Further steps to be determined.

9.TRADE IN AGRI-FOOD AND FISHERIES PRODUCTS WITH EEA/EFTA COUNTRIES.     European Economic Area (EEA): negotiations on further liberalisation for agricultural and fisheries are part of the EEA agreement. Norway and Iceland: negotiations of fish quotas took place between January 2014 and July 2015 and were finalised on 17 July 2015. Iceland: negotiations on GI and liberalisation of basic agricultural products and processed agricultural products were also concluded in 2015. They are in the process of formal adoption.   Norway: negotiations on geographic indications started in 2013 and are now on hold. Negotiations on liberalisation of agricultural products, which started in 2015, were concluded at negotiator’s level in April 2017. Switzerland: negotiations on further liberalisation of agricultural products started in 2008 and are on hold since 2009.                                                                                                                                           The next step is to formalize an Agreement with Norway on the liberalisation of agricultural products.

10. ASSOCIATION AGREEMENTS WITH ANDORRA, MONACO AND SAN MARINO.         The Council authorised on 4 December 2014 negotiations “on one or several Association Agreement(s)” between the EU and Andorra, Monaco, San Marino (AMS). The main goal of these negotiations which started in 2016 is to allow AMS to participate in the internal market (four freedoms).    The next session will take place in September or October 2018.

The Schedule and Supplementary Information above  is believed to be correct as at 18th July 2018 and has been obtained from published European Union material, and is published courtesy of the European Union.